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Black Forest


Black Forest (German Schwarzwald), wooded mountain region in southwestern Germany, in the state of Baden-Württemberg. The region is about 160 km (about 100 mi) long, varies in width from about 23 km (about 14 mi) in the north to 61 km (38 mi) in the south, and occupies an area of about 5,000 sq km (about 2,000 sq mi). Its name refers to the heavy stands of fir on the upper slopes. Below are extensive forests of oak and beech, and logging is a major element of the region’s economy. Like much of the forest land in Germany, the Black Forest is plagued by air pollution. Environmental studies have shown that as many as half the trees in the Black Forest and other wooded areas have been damaged by acid rain, automobile emissions, and long-distance industrial pollution. Maximum elevations, mainly in the southern region, include the Feldberg (1,493 m/4,898 ft) and the Herzogenhorn (1,415 m/4,642 ft). The highest peak in the north is the Hornisgrinde (1,164 m/3,819 ft). Near Breisach am Rhein is the volcanic mass of the Kaiserstuhl (557 m/ 1,827 ft). Numerous rivers, including the Danube and the Neckar, rise in the Black Forest. On its eastern slope are many lakes. Mineral springs abound, and the region is known for its health resorts such as Baden-Baden and Wildbad. With 22,950 km (14,260 mi) of trails, the Black Forest is a favorite spot for outdoor activities such as hiking, cycling, horseback riding, and cross-country skiing. The upland plains are suitable for farming and cattle raising. The region is noted for the production of cuckoo clocks and toys


 

 

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